Adverbial Clause

Pengertian Adverbial Clause

Adverbial Clause adalah Clause (anak kalimat) yang berfungsi sebagai Adverb, yakni menerangkan kata kerja.

Adverbial Clause biasanya diklasifikasikan berdasarkan “arti atau maksud” dari Conjunction (kata penghubung yang mendahuluinya).

Jenis-Jenis Adverbial Clause:

  • Clause of Time

Clause yang artinya waktu. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction (kata penghubung) seperti after, before, no sooner, while, as.

Contoh:

– While he was walking home, he saw an accident.

– By the time I arrive, Joni will have left.

  • Clause of Place

Clause yang artinya tempat. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction seperti where, nowhere, anywhere, wherever.

Contoh:

– They sat down wherever they could find empty seats

Where there is poverty, there we find discontent and unrest.

  • Clause of Contrast (or Concession)

Clause yang menunjukkan adanya pertentangan antara dua kejadian atau peristiwa yang saling berhubungan. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction (kata penghubung) seperti although, though, even though, whereas, even if, in spite of, as the time.

Contoh:

As the time you were sleeping, we were working hard.

– He is very friendly, even if he is a clever student.

  • Clause of Manner

Clause yang menunjukkan cars bagaimana suatu pekerjaan dilakukan atau peristiwa terjadi. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction (kata penghubung) seperti as, how, like, in that.

Contoh:

  • He did as I told him.
  • You may finish it how you like.
  • They may beat us again, like they did in 2011.
  • Clause of Purpose and Result

Clause yang menunjukkan hubungan maksud/tujuan dan hasil. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan kata penghubung seperti (in order) that, so that, in the hope that, to the end that, lest, in case.

Contoh:

  • They went to the movie early (in order) to find the best seats.
  • She bought a book so (that) she could learn English
  • Clause of Condition

Clause yang menunjukkan adanya persyaratan antara dua kejadian (peristiwa) yang berhubungan. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunctions seperti if, even if, unless, in the even that, or in even that, in case, provided (that), providing (that), on condition that, if only, suppose (that), supposing (that).

Contoh:

  • If I see him, I will invite him to the party tomorrow.
  • She would forgive her husband everything, if only he would come back to her.

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